Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon

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Greta Adrian


Physical education instructor

Greta Adrian was a pioneer of Swedish physical education. Together with her husband Sam Adrian, who was a director of physical education, she developed the so-called Örebro style of physical exercise which became known for its innovative approach to both male and female elite physical exercise. During the 1940s and the 1950s she revolutionised instruction in this sphere for both girls and boys in Swedish schools.

From 1913–1915 Greta Adrian trained at Gymnastiska centralinstitutet (the central institute of physical education), now the Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (college of physical education and sport), GIH. Subsequently she worked in Örebro, where her husband was employed as director of physical education at the Karolinska school. Following the birth of her third child she then became employed as director of physical education at the Högre allmänna läroverket för flickor (advanced general school for girls) in Örebro, where she worked from 1933–1958.

In 1916 Greta Adrian had already set up a gymnastics society, called Arbetarnas gymnastikförening, for the workers at one of the shoe factories in Örebro. She removed the commando-style common to the traditional form of ling gymnastics and converted floor gymnastics into a long series of movements. Right up until 1934 Greta Adrian was in charge of the group known as Arbetarnas Elit (workers’ elite), which became the best-known male elite troop of gymnasts. She also set up a gymnastics society for women. It was called De Grå (the grays) in reference to the colour of their outfits. Greta Adrian directed this troop by playing her own musical improvisations on the piano and subsequently De Grå also became a famous elite troop.

Greta Adrian published a range of textbooks on gymnastics. She also wrote polemical pieces and causerie-style columns. Her book entitled Kilbergen berättar, published in 1969, contains her tribute to the nature of Närke. Her publications also include musical renditions of poems by Jeremias i Tröstlösa, Harriet Löwenhjelm, and Dan Andersson.

Greta Adrian was awarded the Illis quorum medal in recognition of her contributions to public health. A street in Örebro has been named after her, namely Greta Adrians väg. Her name is also inscribed on the Närke stone which commemorates 100 renowned “sons and daughters of Närke”.

Greta Adrian died in 1981.

Lisbeth Larsson
(Translated by Alexia Grosjean)

Published 2018-03-08

You are welcome to cite this article but always provide the author’s name as follows:

Greta Adrian,, Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon (article by Lisbeth Larsson), retrieved 2024-06-25.

Other Names

    Maiden name: Borg

Family Relationships

Civil Status: Widow
  • Mother: Alma Frideborg Ahlström
  • Father: Harald Hubert Borg
  • Husband: Karl Fredrik Samuel /Sam/ Adrian
more ...



  • Profession: Gymnastiklärare
  • Profession: Kompositör, tonsättare
  • Profession: Författare


  • Arbetarnas gymnastikförening
    Grundare och ledare
  • De Grå, gymnastikförening för kvinnor
    Grundare och ledare


  • Birthplace: Örebro
  • Örebro
  • Place of death: Örebro



Further References

  • Damm, Margareta, 'Greta Adrian: normbrytare i brytningstid', Idrott, historia och samhälle, 2019, s. 29-40