Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon

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Mathilda Johanna (Hanna) Nordström


Pioneering trade union leader

Hanna Nordström was a cigar-maker who was also the first woman to serve as chair of the Internationella tobaksarbetareförbundet (International tobacco workers’ federation) in Sweden.

Hanna Nordström was born on 20 September 1862. She later married Robert Nordström, an instrument maker, and they had two children together. The couple separated in 1896.

Hanna Nordström was a cigar-maker who was actively involved in the working conditions of her workers. Tobacco workers were some of the first in Stockholm to form a trade union, in 1884. The fact that women, such as Hanna Nordström, were members of the organisation had an impact across the tobacco production process. From the late 1890s onwards special separate arrangements were no longer necessary for men and women who were instead paid the same salary.

Trade union membership was extensive. In 1898 the Stockholm association numbered 1,300 members, of which 620 were men and 670 were women, thus from the union’s inception women formed a significant part. Female representatives were often sent to the Social Democratic party congress and in 1904 the first woman was elected to serve as chair, none other than Hanna Nordström. This was probably the first time a woman held this post in a trade union in which members comprised both sexes. Although she only held this position for a year Hanna Nordström remained active as a delegate sent to party congresses and conferences afterwards. In 1913 she was elected as a member and vice-secretary of the board.

The 1915–1916 period was a difficult one for Internationella tobaksarbetareförbundet in Sweden as their membership declined. By the turn of 1916 there were only 1,519 members, compared to the previous year’s total of 2,334. Indeed the number of branches sank from 15 to 7. During 1915 Hanna Nordström also resigned as chair following a “severe and long-lasting illness”. She was succeeded by Anna Wester.

Hanna Nordström died in 1953. She is buried at the Woodland Cemetery in Stockholm.

Camilla Bergvall
(Translated by Alexia Grosjean)

Published 2020-12-22

You are welcome to cite this article but always provide the author’s name as follows:

Mathilda Johanna (Hanna) Nordström,, Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon (article by Camilla Bergvall), retrieved 2024-07-19.

Other Names

    Maiden name: Lock

Family Relationships

Civil Status: Divorced
  • Mother: Euphrosyne Johanna Lock
  • Father: Carl August Lock
  • Sister: Augusta Josefina Lock
more ...


  • Folkskola, Stockholm


  • Profession: Cigarrmakare


  • Colleague: Anna Wester


  • Internationella tobaksarbetareförbundet i Sverige (senare Svenska tobaksindustriarbetareförbundet)
    Ordförande to m 1905, styrelseledamot, vice sekreterare 1913–1916


  • Birthplace: Stockholm
  • Stockholm
  • Place of death: Stockholm



Further References

Hanna Nordström. Photographer and year unknown. Image source: Svenskt Porträttarkiv (CC-BY-SA 4.0)
Hanna Nordström. Photographer and year unknown. Image source: Svenskt Porträttarkiv (CC-BY-SA 4.0)


19th century 20th century Trade unionist