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Hildur Kristina Ericsson

1892-11-141983-10-15

Politician, member of parliament, proponent of women's issues

Hildur Ericsson was the first woman member of parliament for the social democrats for the province of Norrbotten. She was a pioneer in the work for the social democratic women’s movement.

Hildur Ericsson was born on 14 November 1892 in Luleå, the youngest of seven siblings. She grew up in the workers’ community Karlsvik where her father Adolf Eriksson was a smith and her mother Anna Lovisa Karlsdotter worked extra as a laundress. Her father’s work was partly seasonal and the family’s economy was strained by for example the great strike in 1909.

Hildur Ericsson attended the teacher training college for elementary schoolmistresses in Öjebyn and qualified in 1911. She worked after that as a teacher in Edefors and the district of Älvsby until 1918, when she married Hugo Ericsson and became a housewife. However, her professional habits became useful in due course in her political work since she was a good and natural speaker.

Hildur Ericsson moved back to Karlsvik with her husband who first worked at the iron works and then changed tracks to become a handicrafts teacher. The couple had three children in 1919–1928. Hildur Ericsson’s political interest had existed since her childhood, since her father had been a convinced social democrat. Her political activity increased however only when her children were older in the 1930s. Her husband Hugo Ericsson was also a social democrat, as were the couple’s friends Otto and Elin Bohlin, whose home was a gathering place for the cause. The Bohlin couple were leaders of the Arbetarnas bildningsförbund (ABF).

After Kata Dalström had visited Luleå, a social democratic women’s club was formed in 1908, but their activities seem to have been few. At the splitting of the party in 1917, the club was dissolved and its financial resources transferred to party. In 1933, the time seems to have been ripe at last for getting the social democratic women in Norrbotten on the move. After a tour by Hulda Flood, the women’s club in Luleå started anew, at the same time as the social democratic women’s district was started with the journalist Alida Ruuth at the helm.

Hildur Ericsson participated actively in both associations and worked among other things as a leader for study circles with Elin Bohlin. She took over the chairwomanship of the women’s club in 1935–1938. In the women’s district, she was linked early on to the innermost circle, but became formally a member of the board only in 1940. She was the district chairwoman in 1949–1953.

In 1937, the work of starting holiday homes for housewives in Norrbotten was started. Hildur Ericsson was the one to initiate and lead the Föreningen Kvinnors holiday homes in Norrbotten. She was the association chairwoman right up until 1964 and put a good deal of work into making ends meet for purchases and the running. The holiday homes were situated at Mjölkudden in Luleå and Grytnäs in Kalix, and were opened in 1940 and 1949 respectively. Housewives from working-class homes were able to enjoy rest and recreation there.

In due course, Hildur Ericsson was given several more political assignments. She was the member for the county council in the labour exchange, a member of the Luleå city council in 1938–1950 and a member of the school board in 1935–1958. She sat on the committee for helping mothers in 1938–1950 and was a member of the Radio committee from 1939, for many years active as “the voice from the countryside”. The Vittjärvsgården rural domestic science college also counted Hildur Ericsson among its board members around that time.

For the election in 1945, Hildur Ericsson was one of the prospective candidates to parliament, as was Märta Boman from the right wing, who was actually elected, unlike Hildur Ericsson. However, in 1947, the county council director K.G. Wiklund had resigned from his parliamentary assignment, and had to be replaced. Hildur Ericsson was asked by her party colleague Ernst Hage but her response was: “no of course not, I’ve got children”. She allowed herself to be persuaded however. She sat in the second chamber of parliament in 1947–1956. She put forward 13 motions of her own on social improvements like organising home help, holiday homes for housewives, holiday trips, children’s camps and the care of the mentally handicapped.

Especially mothers’ and youth issues were close to Hildur Ericsson’s heart, and she took a number of initiatives to surveys that were later to bear fruit. Far into her old age, she followed the work of politics. Her own political path was characterised by rapidly converting words and promises into actions. She was a humorous, vivacious and stirring speaker with strong social and political engagement.

Hildur Ericsson died on 15 October 1983.


Karin Tjernström
(Translated by Margaret Myers)


Published 2021-03-20



You are welcome to cite this article but always provide the author’s name as follows:

Hildur Kristina Ericsson, www.skbl.se/sv/artikel/HildurKristinaEricsson, Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon (article by Karin Tjernström), retrieved 2021-10-27.




Other Names

    Maiden name: Eriksson


Family Relationships

Civil Status: Widow
  • Mother: Anna Lovisa Karlsdotter
  • Father: Adolf Eriksson
  • Sister: Hilda Eriksson, gift Pettersson
more ...


Education



Activities

  • Profession: Småskollärare
  • Non-profit work: Ledamot, suppleant, Luleå stads folkskolestyrelse
  • Non-profit work: Ledamot, Luleå kommunfullmäktige
more ...


Contacts

  • Friend: Elin Bohlin
  • Colleague: Alida Ruuth
  • Colleague: Agate Viktorin
more ...


Organisations

  • Luleå socialdemokratiska kvinnoklubb
    Medlem, ordförande 1935–1938
  • Norrbottens socialdemokratiska kvinnodistrikt
    Medlem, styrelseledamot fr o m 1940, ordförande 1949–1953
  • Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (SAP, nuvarande Socialdemokraterna)
    Medlem, riksdagsledamot 1947–1956
  • Föreningen Kvinnors semesterhem i Norrbotten
    Initiativtagare, ordförande


Residences

  • Birthplace: Karlsvik
  • Karlsvik
  • Öjebyn
more ...


Sources

Encyclopaedia
  • ’Ericsson, Hildur’, Kvinnor i fosterländsk gärning, S. 767, 1943

  • ’Ericsson i Luleå, Hildur Kristina (s) : AK för Nb, 1947-1956’, Tvåkammarriksdagen 1867-1970: ledamöter och valkretsar. Bd 5 Kopparbergs län, Gävleborgs län, Västernorrlands län, Jämtlands län, Västerbottens län, Norrbottens län, register band 1-5, S. 412, 1992

Literature
  • Andersson, Ebon (red.), Drömmen som blev verklighet: en skildring i ord och bild av den semesterhemsverksamhet som skapats av de socialdemokratiska kvinnodistrikten och som nu drives av föreningarna Semesterhem för arbetarkvinnor och Husmödrarnas vilo- och semesterhem, Framtiden, Malmö, 1949

  • E.S., ’25 år efteråt’, Morgonbris, 1947:2, s. 14-15

  • ’Hildur Ericsson’ [Nekrolog], Norrländska Socialdemokraten, 1983-10-10



Further References

Litteratur
  • ’Hildur Ericsson’ [Nekrolog], Svenska Dagbladet, 1983-10-19

  • ’Kvinnorna i den nya andra kammaren’, Hertha, 1952:5, s. 22-23



Hildur Ericsson, circa late 1970s. Photo: Gunnar Bergbom/Lule-Bild (Norrbottens Föreningsarkiv)
Hildur Ericsson, circa late 1970s. Photo: Gunnar Bergbom/Lule-Bild (Norrbottens Föreningsarkiv)

Keywords

20th century Politicians Members of parliament Women's movement Social democracy Teachers