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Margot Margareta Wikström

1936-02-282010-09-04

Politician, local government commissioner

Margot Wikström was the first woman in Umeå to serve as municipal commissioner. She was also a long-term member of the Social Democratic party executive as well as chair of Svenska Kommunförbundet (the Swedish municipal association). She particularly engaged with matters regarding construction in Umeå city.

Margot Wikström was born in Skellefteå in 1936. She was the daughter of Ingeborg and Torsten Berggren. Her mother worked as a home carer whilst her father was an electrician employed by Statens Järnvägar (the national railways). Margot Wikström had a brother who was two years her senior. During her school years she and her family moved around in northern Sweden. She sat her school-leaving exams in Skellefteå, the town where she met her husband-to-be, Henry Wikström. They were both in their twenties when they married and settled in Skellefteå and their first son was born in 1960, followed by a second son in 1963. In 1967 the family moved to Umeå where Margot Wikström began to attend Socialhögskolan (now known as the department of social work at Umeå university). She also studied law.

Margot Wikström had been involved with the Social Democratic party from an early age. Her parents were supporters of the Social Democratic party and that party played an important if not definitive role in her various life choices. In Umeå she joined the Sveriges socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbund (now S-kvinnor) (Social Democratic Women in Sweden) association. She joined despite the fact that she was against the idea of a women’s association as she believed it left women in a subordinate position within the party. Several of the female members of the Social Democratic party in Umeå became high-profile during the 1970s. Thus Margot Wikström was, along with two female party colleagues, appointed chair, respectively, of three of the local Social Democratic associations in Umeå. Expanding the day care centres in the city was just one of the issues for which these and other women campaigned.

The Social Democratic party won the municipal elections in Umeå for the first time in 1979. That year the municipality also gained its first-ever female commissioner in Margot Wikström. As chair of the planning and construction authority she ran an offensive line in terms of construction in the city, and not without criticism. From 1986 to 1995 she served as chair of the municipal executive.

Margot Wikström’s primary political activism focused on planning and construction. Umeå underwent notable changes during her time in office. In 1987 Umeå hosted the Bo 87 housing fair, following the construction of a new part of town. She fought against considerable opposition in favour of high-rises in Umeå city centre whilst also repealing the preservation plan then in place in which listed and low-rise buildings had been prioritised. Her input into city planning involved championing new traffic solutions, including a car tunnel beside the hospital and a new bridge across the Umeå river. In addition, a new bus-station for commuters was built during her period in office, along with a new town library and cultural events centre known as Folkets hus.

Margot Wikström was an exceedingly active politician who frequently engaged in polemics in the press and gave numerous political speeches in various contexts. Margot Wikström continued within municipal politics despite the electoral defeat of 1991 and then returned as a commissioner in 1994. The following year, however, she opted to become chair of Kommunförbundet for a period of four years. At this juncture she suffered the sadness and difficulties brought on by the loss of her husband and emerging problems with her own health.

Margot Wikström served in the Social Democratic executive for a long time. She also performed roles in Brussels during the 1990s as a member of the International municipal federation. Margot Wikström also gained experience of a range of enterprises through her position as board member of the municipal housing company in Umeå, in SABO, in Nordea, and in Bris.

In 1999 Margot Wikström resigned from Kommunförbundet and departed from the political sphere at the same time. She had long been suffering from poor health and was about to undergo a complicated operation. Although she lived for another ten years, the last period of her life was spent suffering from cancer. She died in Umeå in September 2010. Margot Wikström is buried at Norra kyrkogården (the Northern Cemetery) in Umeå.


Kerstin Thörn
(Translated by Alexia Grosjean)


Published 2020-03-02



You are welcome to cite this article but always provide the author’s name as follows:

Margot Margareta Wikström, www.skbl.se/sv/artikel/MargotWikstrom, Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon (article by Kerstin Thörn), retrieved 2020-07-06.




Other Names

    Maiden name: Berggren


Family Relationships

Civil Status: Widow
  • Mother: Ingeborg Johanna Berggren, född Nygren
  • Father: Anton Torsten Berggren
  • Brother: Rolf Lennart Berggren
more ...


Education

  • Lärarseminarium, Skellefteå: Realexamen


Activities

  • Profession: Socialassistent
  • Profession: Tjänsteman, Länsarbetsnämnden
  • Profession: Kommunalråd 1979–1995, för SAP, ordförande i Kommunförbundet 1995–1999
  • Non-profit work: Styrelseledamot, Nordea


Contacts

  • Colleague: Torsten W Persson
  • Colleague: Ulla Ölvebro
  • Colleague: Birgit Högberg
more ...


Organisations

  • Sveriges socialdemokratiska kvinnoförbund (nuvarande S-kvinnor)
    Medlem, Umeåföreningen
  • Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (SAP, nuvarande Socialdemokraterna)
    Medlem, styrelseledamot, kommunalråd i Umeå
  • Stiftelsen Bostaden Umeå
    Ordförande
more ...


Residences

  • Birthplace: Skellefteå
  • Skellefteå
  • Haparanda
more ...


Sources

Archive
  • Margot Wikströms arkiv, privat ägo

Unpublished source
  • Intervju med sonen Magnus Wikström, professor i nationalekonomi vid Umeå universitet



Further References

Litteratur
  • Eriksson, Anna, 'Tavelsjö - Umeås utskifte: svart framtid hotar färgstark bygd. Margot Wikström: Mellanstäderna motor även för glesbygden', Kommunaktuellt, 1989:20, s. 20-21

  • Karlsson, Sören, 'Närbilden: politiker och chef med samma huvudmål', Chefen, 1989:9, s. 2-3

  • Nordell, Göran, 'Maktens varsamma kvinna', Hertha, 85(1998):1, s. 8-10

  • Wikström, Margit, 'Kan kommunalrådet försvara kommunen? : föredrag vid Folk och försvars rikskonferens 1995', Vårt försvar, 1995:2, s. 14-16

  • Wikström, Margot, 'Regionalisering? - nej tack!', Tiden, 1995:1, s. 16-18

  • Wrede, Magnus, 'Margot Wikström i närbild: en lady med järnvilja : "man ska inte driva självstyret in absurdum!"', Kommunaktuellt, 1995:20, s. 10-11



Margot Wikström. Photographer and year unknown
Margot Wikström. Photographer and year unknown

Keywords

20th century Politicians Social democracy