Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon

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Johanna Appolonia (Jeanette) Berglind

1816-08-211903-09-14

Deaf teacher, pioneer of specialised teaching, founder and director of Tysta skolan

Jeanette Berglind was one of the first Swedish pedagogues who taught children with hearing difficulties. As a founder and director of the Tysta school in Stockholm she was a forerunner of pedagogues who specialised in children with functional impairments.

Jeanette Berglind was born in 1816. She was a distant relative of Per Aron Borg, who paved the way in Sweden for what in the first half of the nineteenth century was known as deaf-mute teaching. Jeanette Berglind lived in Borg’s home and spent time at his school for deaf-mute children, Allmänna institutet för döfstumma och blinda (the general institute for deaf-mutes and blind) at Manilla in Stockholm. It was there that she was first exposed to teaching children with hearing impairments as well as other functional difficulties. She also learned sign language during this time.

After Borg died Jeanette Berglind spent a few years working as a teacher for various families before she returned to Manilla to work as an assistant teacher and teacher. She was extremely dedicated to teaching functionally impaired children and she was driven by a desire to establish her own school. She set aside money from her earnings for several years in order to achieve this dream. She was legally a minor until 1858 but that year the law was changed and women over 25 years of age became eligible to be declared legally adult and legally able to inherit. Jeanette Berglind thus applied for legal entitlement to become an adult and to gain the right to inherit. The inheritance she now could access allowed her to add to her savings. By 1860 she had enough capital to establish the Tysta school in Stockholm. She ran it and taught there until her retirement in 1882. The school enjoyed a positive reputation and received donations and financial gifts in contribution towards its running costs. King Karl XV and Queen Lovisa were the school patrons.

Jeanette Berglind died in 1903.


Sara Backman Prytz
(Translated by Alexia Grosjean)



You are welcome to cite this article but always provide the author’s name as follows:

Johanna Appolonia (Jeanette) Berglind, www.skbl.se/sv/artikel/JeanetteBerglind, Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon (article by Sara Backman Prytz), retrieved 2019-05-22.




Family Relationships

Civil Status: Unmarried
  • Mother: Kristina Engman
  • Father: Okänd
  • Foster mother: Johanna Gille
  • Foster father: J.O. Berglind


Education

  • Självstudier, Stockholm: Informell utbildning till dövstumlärare och teckenspråkspedagog, Allmänna institutet för döfstumma och blinda å Manilla


Activities

  • Profession: Teacher, deputy deaf-mute eacher Allmänna institutet för döfstumma och blinda å Manilla
  • Profession: Governess, servant and female companion
  • Profession: Teacher, deputy deaf-mute teacher Allmänna institutet för döfstumma och blinda å Manilla
  • Profession: School founder, director, teacher, Tysta skolan


Contacts

  • Relative: Pär Aron Borg
  • Colleague: Fritjof Carlbom
  • Colleague: Amy Segerstedt
  • Friend: Lovisa, drottning av Sverige och Norge


Residences

  • Birthplace: Stockholm
  • Stockholm
  • Place of death: Stockholm


Sources

Literature
  • Eriksson, Per, Dövas historia. D. 2, I Sverige och något om övriga Norden, SIH Läromedel, Örebro, 1999



Further References